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【党史百年·重要论述】5月10日
2021-05-10  |   161  |          

1938年5月10日

中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)共中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)央政(zheng)治局召开(kai)常委会议,讨论当前抗战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)形势(shi)(shi)问题。毛泽东(dong)作关于中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)日(ri)(ri)战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)争(zheng)形势(shi)(shi)的(de)报(bao)告,指出:现(xian)在蒋介石(shi)与我(wo)们(men)的(de)估(gu)计(ji)(ji)都认为(wei)(wei)抗日(ri)(ri)战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)争(zheng)是(shi)持(chi)(chi)久(jiu)战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)。最近(jin)《大(da)公报(bao)》两篇社论态度变(bian)化(hua),认为(wei)(wei)鲁南战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)役是(shi)准决(jue)(jue)战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),否认中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)日(ri)(ri)战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)争(zheng)是(shi)持(chi)(chi)久(jiu)战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)。我(wo)们(men)对于中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)日(ri)(ri)战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)争(zheng)的(de)估(gu)计(ji)(ji),过去也(ye)有(you)两种(zhong)(zhong)意见。我(wo)一(yi)贯估(gu)计(ji)(ji)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)日(ri)(ri)战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)争(zheng)是(shi)持(chi)(chi)久(jiu)战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),因(yin)为(wei)(wei)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)是(shi)大(da)国(guo),日(ri)(ri)本(ben)不能完全(quan)吞并(bing)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo),同时中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)又(you)是(shi)弱国(guo),须(xu)(xu)要(yao)持(chi)(chi)久(jiu)战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)争(zheng)才能取得胜利(li)(li)。张闻天(tian)发言指出:我(wo)看现(xian)在国(guo)民党军(jun)集中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)五十个师与日(ri)(ri)军(jun)决(jue)(jue)战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),是(shi)很(hen)危险(xian)的(de)。现(xian)在一(yi)般人(ren)(ren)有(you)一(yi)种(zhong)(zhong)错(cuo)觉,因(yin)胜利(li)(li)而(er)轻(qing)敌。这是(shi)对日(ri)(ri)本(ben)不正确(que)的(de)估(gu)计(ji)(ji)。事实上(shang)国(guo)民党有(you)人(ren)(ren)企(qi)图在相当胜利(li)(li)之下便进行妥协。我(wo)认为(wei)(wei)中(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)(zhong)日(ri)(ri)战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan)争(zheng)仍(reng)是(shi)持(chi)(chi)久(jiu)战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),这是(shi)确(que)定(ding)的(de)方针。现(xian)在须(xu)(xu)要(yao)全(quan)国(guo)一(yi)致坚持(chi)(chi)持(chi)(chi)久(jiu)战(zhan)(zhan)(zhan),不要(yao)因(yin)为(wei)(wei)小的(de)胜利(li)(li)而(er)冒(mao)险(xian)。

1949年(nian)5月(yue)10日(ri)

毛泽东(dong)为中(zhong)(zhong)共中(zhong)(zhong)央起草复南京市委并告(gao)华东(dong)局电(dian)。电(dian)报就黄华同司(si)徒(tu)雷登(deng)谈话(hua)应注意(yi)(yi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)问题(ti)指出:黄华可以与司(si)徒(tu)见(jian)面,以侦(zhen)察美(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)政(zheng)(zheng)府之意(yi)(yi)向为目的(de)(de)(de)(de)。见(jian)面时(shi)(shi)多听司(si)徒(tu)讲(jiang)话(hua),少说(shuo)(shuo)自己意(yi)(yi)见(jian),在(zai)说(shuo)(shuo)自己意(yi)(yi)见(jian)时(shi)(shi)应根据(ju)李涛声(sheng)明。来电(dian)说(shuo)(shuo)“空(kong)言(yan)无补,需要(yao)(yao)(yao)美(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)首先做(zuo)更(geng)多有(you)(you)(you)益于(yu)中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)事”,这(zhei)样(yang)说(shuo)(shuo)法(fa)有(you)(you)(you)毛病。应根据(ju)李涛声(sheng)明表(biao)示(shi)(shi)任何外(wai)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)不(bu)(bu)得干(gan)涉(she)(she)(she)中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)内(nei)政(zheng)(zheng),过去美(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)用(yong)帮(bang)助(zhu)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)民(min)(min)(min)(min)党(dang)打内(nei)战(zhan)的(de)(de)(de)(de)方(fang)法(fa)干(gan)涉(she)(she)(she)中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)内(nei)政(zheng)(zheng),此项政(zheng)(zheng)策必(bi)须停止(zhi)。如果美(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)政(zheng)(zheng)府愿意(yi)(yi)考虑和(he)(he)我方(fang)建立(li)外(wai)交(jiao)(jiao)关系(xi)(xi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)话(hua),美(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)政(zheng)(zheng)府就应当停止(zhi)一切援助(zhu)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)民(min)(min)(min)(min)党(dang)的(de)(de)(de)(de)行(xing)动,并断绝和(he)(he)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)民(min)(min)(min)(min)党(dang)反动残(can)(can)余(yu)力量的(de)(de)(de)(de)联(lian)系(xi)(xi),而(er)不(bu)(bu)是笼统地要(yao)(yao)(yao)求美(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)做(zuo)更(geng)多有(you)(you)(you)益于(yu)中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)事。你们(men)这(zhei)样(yang)说(shuo)(shuo)可能给(ji)美(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)人(ren)(ren)一种印(yin)象,似乎中(zhong)(zhong)共也是希望美(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)援助(zhu)的(de)(de)(de)(de)。现(xian)在(zai)是要(yao)(yao)(yao)求美(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)停止(zhi)援助(zhu)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)民(min)(min)(min)(min)党(dang),割断和(he)(he)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)民(min)(min)(min)(min)党(dang)残(can)(can)余(yu)力量的(de)(de)(de)(de)联(lian)系(xi)(xi),并永远不(bu)(bu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)干(gan)涉(she)(she)(she)中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)内(nei)政(zheng)(zheng)的(de)(de)(de)(de)问题(ti),而(er)不(bu)(bu)是要(yao)(yao)(yao)求美(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)做(zuo)什么“有(you)(you)(you)益于(yu)中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)事”,更(geng)不(bu)(bu)是要(yao)(yao)(yao)求美(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)做(zuo)什么“更(geng)多有(you)(you)(you)益于(yu)中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)事”。照此语的(de)(de)(de)(de)文字说(shuo)(shuo)来,似乎美(mei)(mei)(mei)(mei)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)政(zheng)(zheng)府已经做(zuo)了(le)(le)若干(gan)有(you)(you)(you)益于(yu)中(zhong)(zhong)国(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)(guo)人(ren)(ren)民(min)(min)(min)(min)的(de)(de)(de)(de)事,只是数量上做(zuo)得少了(le)(le)一点,有(you)(you)(you)要(yao)(yao)(yao)求他“更(geng)多”地做(zuo)一些的(de)(de)(de)(de)必(bi)要(yao)(yao)(yao),故不(bu)(bu)妥(tuo)当。与司(si)徒(tu)谈话(hua)应申明是非(fei)正式的(de)(de)(de)(de),因为双方(fang)尚(shang)未(wei)建立(li)外(wai)交(jiao)(jiao)关系(xi)(xi)。谈话(hua)时(shi)(shi)如果司(si)徒(tu)态度是友(you)善(shan)的(de)(de)(de)(de),黄华亦(yi)应取适当的(de)(de)(de)(de)友(you)善(shan)态度,但不(bu)(bu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)表(biao)示(shi)(shi)过分热情(qing),应取庄重而(er)和(he)(he)气(qi)的(de)(de)(de)(de)态度。对于(yu)傅泾波所提司(si)徒(tu)愿意(yi)(yi)继续当大使和(he)(he)我们(men)办交(jiao)(jiao)涉(she)(she)(she)并修改商约一点,不(bu)(bu)要(yao)(yao)(yao)表(biao)示(shi)(shi)拒(ju)绝的(de)(de)(de)(de)态度。

1954年5月(yue)10日

陈云出席全国(guo)各大(da)区财委副主任(ren)会议并发表(biao)讲话。谈到我(wo)(wo)国(guo)工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)化的特(te)点时,讲话指出:我(wo)(wo)国(guo)工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)化与资(zi)本(ben)(ben)主义(yi)(yi)(yi)工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)化不同,资(zi)本(ben)(ben)主义(yi)(yi)(yi)工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)化是(shi)(shi)长(zhang)期的过程(cheng),我(wo)(wo)们是(shi)(shi)突击(ji);资(zi)本(ben)(ben)主义(yi)(yi)(yi)可以去掠(lve)夺(duo)殖民地,我(wo)(wo)们要(yao)(yao)靠自(zi)己;资(zi)本(ben)(ben)主义(yi)(yi)(yi)开始(shi)是(shi)(shi)搞轻(qing)工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye),我(wo)(wo)们一(yi)开始(shi)就搞重(zhong)工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye);资(zi)本(ben)(ben)主义(yi)(yi)(yi)在(zai)盲目中(zhong)依靠自(zi)然调节,能够相当(dang)地按(an)比(bi)(bi)例发展,而我(wo)(wo)们说要(yao)(yao)按(an)比(bi)(bi)例发展是(shi)(shi)从长(zhang)时间算的,在(zai)短(duan)时间内,只是(shi)(shi)力求建(jian)设与消费、重(zhong)工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)与轻(qing)工(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)(ye)之(zhi)间不要(yao)(yao)脱节太远(yuan),实质(zhi)上并不是(shi)(shi)按(an)比(bi)(bi)例的发展。

1986年5月10日

邓小平在(zai)会见加(jia)拿(na)大(da)(da)总(zong)理(li)马尔(er)罗尼时(shi)谈到中(zhong)(zhong)国的(de)(de)(de)改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)时(shi)说,中(zhong)(zhong)国人(ren)太多,事(shi)情(qing)比较难办,再加(jia)上底子薄,所以我们(men)(men)(men)(men)确定的(de)(de)(de)发展(zhan)(zhan)目标不(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)能太高(gao),要(yao)(yao)(yao)实事(shi)求是(shi)。“七(qi)五(wu)”计划不(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)追求过(guo)高(gao)的(de)(de)(de)发展(zhan)(zhan)速(su)度,主要(yao)(yao)(yao)目标是(shi)实现城市改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)。现在(zai)看来(lai),势(shi)头不(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)错。发展(zhan)(zhan)要(yao)(yao)(yao)有(you)后(hou)劲(jing)(jing),后(hou)劲(jing)(jing)要(yao)(yao)(yao)从(cong)改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)中(zhong)(zhong)来(lai)。农(nong)(nong)村改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)和城市改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)是(shi)互相联系的(de)(de)(de)。城市改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)的(de)(de)(de)同时(shi),农(nong)(nong)村改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)还要(yao)(yao)(yao)继(ji)续进行。农(nong)(nong)村改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge)不(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)仅(jin)使农(nong)(nong)民的(de)(de)(de)生活明显(xian)好了(le)起来(lai),更(geng)重要(yao)(yao)(yao)的(de)(de)(de)是(shi)通过(guo)农(nong)(nong)村改(gai)革(ge)(ge)(ge),普遍出现了(le)农(nong)(nong)工(gong)结合的(de)(de)(de)局面,大(da)(da)办多种经营和乡镇工(gong)业,容纳了(le)剩(sheng)余劳动力。这(zhei)(zhei)是(shi)我们(men)(men)(men)(men)成功经验中(zhong)(zhong)很重要(yao)(yao)(yao)的(de)(de)(de)一点。中(zhong)(zhong)国还有(you)一个广阔的(de)(de)(de)天地没有(you)开(kai)发,就是(shi)第三产(chan)业。在(zai)谈到吸(xi)引外(wai)资(zi)问题时(shi)说:中(zhong)(zhong)国最近通过(guo)了(le)《外(wai)资(zi)企业法(fa)》,就是(shi)为了(le)吸(xi)引外(wai)资(zi)。我们(men)(men)(men)(men)的(de)(de)(de)对外(wai)开(kai)放(fang)政(zheng)策(ce)是(shi)一个长期不(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)变的(de)(de)(de)政(zheng)策(ce),不(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)仅(jin)要(yao)(yao)(yao)管这(zhei)(zhei)个世纪,下个世纪的(de)(de)(de)发展(zhan)(zhan)也还得靠它。有(you)人(ren)担心(xin)中(zhong)(zhong)国的(de)(de)(de)法(fa)律会变,我可以肯定地说,在(zai)中(zhong)(zhong)国投(tou)资(zi)没有(you)风(feng)险,我们(men)(men)(men)(men)会保证投(tou)资(zi)者的(de)(de)(de)利益(yi)。如果法(fa)律不(bu)(bu)(bu)(bu)完善还可以补充。

2014年5月10日

习近平在(zai)河(he)南(nan)郑州考察中铁工程装备(bei)(bei)集(ji)团有限公(gong)司时指出(chu)(chu),装备(bei)(bei)制(zhi)造业是一(yi)个(ge)国(guo)(guo)家制(zhi)造业的脊梁,目前我国(guo)(guo)装备(bei)(bei)制(zhi)造业还有许多短板,要(yao)加(jia)(jia)大投入、加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)研(yan)发(fa)、加(jia)(jia)快发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan),努力(li)占(zhan)领(ling)世界制(zhi)高点、掌控技(ji)术(shu)话语权(quan),使(shi)我国(guo)(guo)成(cheng)为现代(dai)装备(bei)(bei)制(zhi)造业大国(guo)(guo)。一(yi)个(ge)地方(fang)、一(yi)个(ge)企业,要(yao)突破(po)发(fa)展(zhan)(zhan)瓶颈(jing)、解决(jue)深层(ceng)次矛盾和问题,根本出(chu)(chu)路(lu)在(zai)于创(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin),关(guan)键要(yao)靠科(ke)技(ji)力(li)量(liang)。要(yao)加(jia)(jia)快构建以企业为主体(ti)、市场(chang)为导向(xiang)、产(chan)学研(yan)相(xiang)结(jie)合的技(ji)术(shu)创(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)体(ti)系,加(jia)(jia)强(qiang)创(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)人才(cai)队(dui)伍建设,搭建创(chuang)(chuang)新(xin)(xin)服(fu)务平台,推(tui)动科(ke)技(ji)和经济紧密结(jie)合,努力(li)实现优(you)势领(ling)域、共性技(ji)术(shu)、关(guan)键技(ji)术(shu)的重大突破(po),推(tui)动中国(guo)(guo)制(zhi)造向(xiang)中国(guo)(guo)创(chuang)(chuang)造转变、中国(guo)(guo)速度向(xiang)中国(guo)(guo)质量(liang)转变、中国(guo)(guo)产(chan)品向(xiang)中国(guo)(guo)品牌转变。


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